Germany is encircled with northern latitudes that facilitate its temperate climate. This means that extreme winter frosts and burning heat strokes are rare in Germany. As represented on the German climatic map along with its multiple pouring seasons, the temperate climatic belts of Germany form the ideal conditions for crop growth.
However, German’s temperate climate is sensitive to westerly winds from the Atlantic Ocean. This is because these winds could vary Germany’s climate in a jiffy. Apart from the country’s typical temperate climate, there could be some regional climatic variations due to differences in geographical patterns.
So let us delve deeper into the climate of Germany.
Different climatic zones of Germany
Although Germany tends to have a temperate climate, it is essential to highlight that the weather here is more unpredictable and wetter than on the Mediterranean coast.
This extra moisture that is the end product of the wet temperatures of Germany has an upside. The upside is the thick and dense forests, green meadows, and fuller hills.
So, Germany can be divided into four climatic zones. The four climatic zones of Germany are as follows. You can further read about them by referring to ru-geld.de/en/country/weather-and-climate/.
1) Southwestern Zone
This is arguably the most favorable portion of the country, climate-wise. The southwestern portion stretches across the states of Rheinland-Pfalz, Baden-Württemberg, Saarland and Hessen. The Southwest zone is the warmest segment of the country. The average daytime temperature goes upto 34 degrees Fahrenheit and increases all the way to 66 degrees in the months of July and August.
The Pfalz, famously referred to as the ‘Tuscany of Germany, ‘ experiences 1,800 to 2,000 hours of sunshine. This sunshine proves to be ideal for vineyards, and thus the Pfalz has a broad range of vineyards cultivating red and white grapes.
2) Northwestern Zone
The northwestern climatic zone of Germany has varied temperatures over different regions. The German northwestern zone stretches from the state of North-Rhine to Westphalia to Lower Saxony to Bremen, then to Hamburg, and finally to Schleswig Holstein.
The average air temperature in Germany (Northwest) during the months of July goes as high as 73 degrees Fahrenheit. The temperature ranges from 41 degrees Fahrenheit to 32 degrees Fahrenheit in winters.
This region is the most populated region of the country, which in turn decreases dense forests and green art due to urbanization.
3) Southeastern Zone
The southeastern zone of Germany consists of a single state called Bavaria. The average temperature here goes as high as 73 degrees Fahrenheit in summers and 39 degrees Fahrenheit in winters.
As per the climatic map of Germany, Munich:
- The capital of Bavaria has 25 cloudy or sunny days and 17 rainy days during July.
- However, in January, the city experiences 16 sunny days along with 13 days of precipitation.
Bavaria is also home to several highly elevated regions that experience drastic weather changes and heavy snowfalls.
4) Northeastern Zone
The northeastern zones of Germany encompass
- Mecklenburg Vorpommern
- Saxony Anhalt
- and Thüringia.
This is the region that made East Germany during the time of the Cold War. This is the coldest region of Germany due to the flow of Siberian winds. The overcast days here, on average, are 20 in January and 6 in July.